Introduction
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6


The virtual exhibit is adapted from the "History of Oceanography:   HMS Challenger" exhibit at the Birch Aquarium at Scripps, and the Challenger letters of Joseph Matkin, most of which are held in the archives of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. The" journey" section of the site uses excerpts from these letters to describe Challenger's historic voyage in some detail.

Quotes from Joseph Matkin's letters home are shown in yellow boxes.

Thanks to the archives of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography for invaluable assistance.

If you would like to read more of Joseph Matkin's letters, they are published in their entirety in "At Sea with the Scientifics: The Challenger Letters of Joseph Matkin" edited by Philip F. Rehbock, University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, 1992.